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J.R.R. Tolkien Lord of Story - Telling

152 Stratford Caldecott also interpreted the Ring in theological terms: "The Ring of Power exemplifies the dark magic of the corrupted will, the assertion of self in disobedience to God.

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Reconstruction in America

In 1868, Georgia Democrats, with support from some Republicans, expelled all 28 black Republican members from the state house, arguing blacks were eligible to vote but not to hold office.

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Things They Carried and Night

6 The Lord does deeds of justice, gives judgment for all who are oppressed. 11 Light shines forth for the just and joy for the upright of heart. 16

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The Making of Modern Sport

the Making of Modern Sport

sport was complicated by the powerful negative image of the Roman Coliseum, home to bloody gladiatorial contests and the tradition of bread and circuses associated with aristocratic domination of the plebian classes. The modern benchmark for native American Literature this view became John Lockes widely-cited reference to a sound body and a sound mind in his essay on Some Thoughts Concerning Education, This dictum became a mantra in the muscular Christian movement that grew in England throughout the nineteenth century. By the late nineteenth century, when Social Darwinian attitudes were strongly felt, sporting prowess had developed a new currency as a basis for national comparison. For example, Hogarth had sympathy for what he saw as the traditional values of masculinity, honour, and courage in gentry culture; but he loathed the hypocrisy of the upper classes and their tendency to engage in activities that he viewed as irrational and filled with. However, during the eighteenth century, these debates were influenced by an emerging idea of progress based on the human capacity to understand and to control nature. There were numerous attempted revivals of Greek Olympic Games in England during the nineteenth century, well before the French Baron, Pierre de Coubertin, sought to revive the Olympics in a modern form in 1896.

Check date values in: accessdate ( help ) Gary Barber (1 February 2007). In this context Cribbs eventual victories in both fights mattered to a great many people. Yet, it is also important not to see these representations and their ranges of cultural and ideological meanings as a kind of superstructural icing on a separately existing material foundation. Have developed to train and to prove the capability to fight and also to work together as a team ( army ). Initially a single sprinting event, the Olympics gradually expanded to include several footraces, run in the nude or in armor, boxing, wrestling, pankration, chariot racing, long jump, javelin throw, and discus throw.

During the nineteenth century this manifested itself in a globalizing moral entrepreneurship preaching the virtues of an ostensibly rational modern British culture throughout the Empire. 2 3 not in citation given, cave paintings in the. During the celebration of the games, an Olympic Truce was enacted so that athletes could travel from their countries to the games in safety. Many of the moneyed entrants to the gentry joined with the older aristocracy in longing barbara Kingsolvers View of American Society for a return to an older time, including what Emma Griffin calls the idealized rehabilitation of popular amusements. 43 Still, the cultural lines between the rough and the respectable in English popular cultures had yet to harden. The monopolies that grew in the late 19th century in America forced a realignment in the spectrum of American politics.